JOURNAL ARTICLES ABOUT ELEPHANTS:
Jacob Shell (2019), "The Enigma of the Asian Elephant: Sovereignty, Reproductive Nature, and the Limits of Empire," Annals of the American Association of Geographers Volume 109, 2019 – Issue 4.
Jacob Shell (2018), "Elephant Convoys Beyond the State: Animal Transport as Subversive Logistics," Environment and Planning D: Society and Space
Jacob Shell (2015), "Elephant States," n+1 Volume 18 (see link bottom of page)
Jacob Shell (2015), "When Roads Cannot be Used: The Use of Asian Elephants for Off-Road Conveyance, Emergency Logistics and Political Revolt in South and Southeast Asia," Transfers: Interdisciplinary Journal of Mobility Studies Volume 3 (1).
Jacob Shell (2019), "Nighttime Release and ‘Zomian’ Elephant-Based Transportation Working elephant possibilities in Kachin State (Myanmar) & Arunachal Pradesh (India)," Elephant Collaborative.
Everything below on this page presents maps which I’ve made, photographs I’ve taken, and visual imagery by others which I’ve collected, while researching communities that use trained elephants as transportation during the monsoon season. Such communities can be found in the mountainous borderlands between the Kachin region of northern Burma (also called Myanmar) and Arunachal Pradesh, in the far northeast of India.
The research extends some themes from my 2015 book “Transportation and Revolt” – especially pertaining to the politics of less-visible forms of mobility. It also looks at some possible lessons these elephant-riding communities might be able to offer to species conservationists.
At the youtube address below, some pretty fascinating footage of Kachin refugees fleeing fighting in the Hukawng Valley in May of 2018, riding elephants to get from their village to an IDP camp. Not hyperlinked, users will have to copy/paste the URL (one of the weird bugs of Carbonmade). With thanks to Jerome Palawng Awng Lat: